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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 320-325 Table of Contents     

Synthesis and anti-microbial screening of novel schiff bases of 3-amino-2-methyl quinazolin 4-(3H)-one


1 Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry Research Laboratory, Bapatla College of Pharmacy, Bapatla - 522 101, Andra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, C.L. Baid Metha College of Pharmacy, Jyothi Nagar, Thorapakkam, Chennai - 600 096, Tamil Nadu, India

Date of Web Publication10-Nov-2010

Correspondence Address:
Govindaraj Saravanan
Medicinal Chemistry Research Laboratory, Bapatla College of Pharmacy, Bapatla - 522 101, Andra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0110-5558.72426

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   Abstract 

In the present study, novel Schiff bases were synthesized by condensation of 3-amino-2-methyl quinazolin-4-(3H)-ones with different aromatic aldehydes. The 3-amino-2-methyl quinazolin-4-(3H)-one was synthesized from anthranilic acid via the 2-methyl benzoxazin-4-one. The chemical structures of the synthesized compounds were confirmed by means of Infrared (IR), 1 H-NMR, 13 C-NMR, Mass spectral, and Elemental analysis. These compounds were screened for anti-bacterial (Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 9144, Staphylococcus epidermidis ATCC 155, Micrococcus luteus ATCC 4698, Bacillus cereus ATCC 11778, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 2853, and Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC 11298)) and anti-fungal (Aspergillus niger ATCC 9029 and Aspergillus fumigatus ATCC 46645) activities, using the paper disk diffusion technique. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of the compounds were also determined by the agar streak dilution method. Most of the synthesized compounds exhibited significant anti-bacterial and anti-fungal activities. Among the synthesized compounds, 3-(4-hydroxy benzylideneamino)-2-methyl quinazolin-4(3H)-one 4g and 4c was found to exhibit the highest anti-bacterial activity and 3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxy benzylideneamino)-2-methyl quinazolin-4(3H)-one 4k exhibited the highest anti-fungal activity.

Keywords: 3-amino-2-methyl quinazolin-4-(3H)-one, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, Schiff base


How to cite this article:
Saravanan G, Pannerselvam P, Prakash CR. Synthesis and anti-microbial screening of novel schiff bases of 3-amino-2-methyl quinazolin 4-(3H)-one. J Adv Pharm Technol Res 2010;1:320-5

How to cite this URL:
Saravanan G, Pannerselvam P, Prakash CR. Synthesis and anti-microbial screening of novel schiff bases of 3-amino-2-methyl quinazolin 4-(3H)-one. J Adv Pharm Technol Res [serial online] 2010 [cited 2020 Dec 1];1:320-5. Available from: https://www.japtr.org/text.asp?2010/1/3/320/72426


   Introduction Top


Quinazolin-4-(3H)-ones have been reported to possess a wide range of biological activities such as anti-microbial. [1],[2],[3],[4],[5] analgesic, [6],[7] anti-inflammatory, [8] anti-convulsant, [9],[10] anti-cancer, [11],[12] anti-tubercular, [13],[14] anti-malarial, [15] and anti-viral [16],[17] activities. Quinazolin 4-(3H)-ones, with substitution at the third position, has been reported to be associated with antimicrobial properties. [18],[19] The various substituents at the third position of quinazolin-4(3H)-one that have been reported, are various substituted phenyl ring moieties, bridged phenyl rings, heterocyclic rings, and the aliphatic system. In addition, in general schiff bases, the presence of pharmacophores like -NO 2 , phenolic OH, -Cl, -CH 3, and -OCH 3 are reported to possess anti-microbial activities. These observations has led to the conception that a novel series of Schiff bases of 3-amino-2-methyl quinazolin-4-(3H)-ones 4a-4l have been synthesized using different aromatic aldehydes by condensation and their chemical structure is confirmed by IR, 1 H-NMR, 13 C-NMR, Mass spectral and Elemental analysis. These compounds have been screened for their anti-bacterial activity against four gram positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 9144, Staphylococcus epidermidis ATCC 155, Micrococcus luteus ATCC 4698, and Bacillus cereus ATCC 11778), three gram negative bacteria ( Escherichia More Details coli ATCC 25922, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 2853, and Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC 11298), and anti-fungal (Aspergillus niger ATCC 9029 and Aspergillus fumigatus ATCC 46645) activities, using the paper disk diffusion technique. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of the compounds were also determined by the agar streak dilution method.


   Materials and Methods Top


The melting points were taken in an open capillary tube and were uncorrected. The IR spectra of the compounds were recorded on an ABB Bomem FT-IR spectrometer MB 104 with KBr pellets. The 1 H (300 MHz) and 13 C-NMR (300 MHz) spectra were recorded on a Bruker 300 NMR spectrometer (with TMS for 1 H and CDCl 3 for 13 C as internal references). Mass spectra were recorded on a Shimadzu GC MS QP 5000. Microanalyses were obtained with an elemental an Analyses system GmbH VarioEL V300 element analyzer. The purity of the compounds was checked by thin layer chromatography (TLC) on pre-coated SiO 2 gel (HF 254 , 200 mesh) aluminium plates (E Merck) using ethyl acetate : n-hexane (20 : 80) and visualized in an ultraviolet (UV) chamber. The reagent grade chemicals were purchased from S.D. Fine-Chem Limited, Mumbai, and Qualigens Fine Chemicals, Mumbai, and purified by either distillation or recrystallization, before use.

Chemistry

In the present study anthranilic acid 1 was treated with acetic anhydride to form 2-methyl benzoxazin-4-one 2, which further reacted with hydrazine hydrate resulting in 3-amino-2-methyl quinazolin-4-(3H)-one 3. Compound 3 was subjected to react with various aromatic aldehydes in the presence of ethanol as a solvent, to form schiff bases.

General Method of Synthesis (4a-4l)

The 3-amino 2-methyl quinazolin-4(3H)-one 3 was prepared according to the reported literature. [18] Equimolar quantities (0.01 mol) of 3-amino 2-methyl quinazolin 4-(3H)-one and aromatic aldehydes were dissolved in 20 ml of ethanol, refluxed for eight hours, and then kept aside for three days. The product that separated out was filtered, dried, and recrystallized from absolute ethanol.

Anti-microbial Screening

The standard strains were procured from the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC), Rockville, USA, and the pathological strains were procured from the Department of Microbiology, CEEAL Analytical Lab, Chennai, India. All test compounds and standard drugs were dissolved in dimethyl formamide for screening the anti-microbial activity. All the synthesized compounds were screened for anti-bacterial and anti-fungal activities by the paper disk diffusion technique. The anti-bacterial activity of the compounds were evaluated against four gram positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 9144, Staphylococcus epidermidis ATCC 155, Micrococcus luteus ATCC 4698, and Bacillus cereus ATCC 11778) and three gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 2853, and Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC 11298), using the nutrient agar medium (Hi-Media Laboratories, India). The anti-fungal activities of the synthesized compounds were evaluated against two fungi (Aspergillus niger ATCC 9029 and Aspergillus fumigatus ATCC 46645) using the Sabouraud dextrose agar medium (Hi-Media Laboratories, India). The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of the compounds were also determined by the agar streak dilution method.

Paper Disk Diffusion Technique

The sterilized [20] (autoclaved at 120°C for 30 min) medium (40 - 50°C) was inoculated (1 ml/100 ml of medium) with the suspension (10 5 cfu/ml) of the microorganism (matched to the McFarland barium sulfate standard) and poured into a petridish to give a depth of 3 - 4 mm. The paper impregnated with the test compounds dissolved in dimethylformamide (100 μg/disk) and was placed on the solidified medium. The plates were pre-incubated for one hour at room temperature and incubated at 37°C for 24 and 48 hours for anti-bacterial and anti-fungal activities, respectively. Ciprofloxacin (100 μg/disk) and Ketoconazole (100 μg/disk) were used as the standards for anti-bacterial and anti-fungal activities, respectively. The observed zone of inhibition is presented in [Table 1].
Table 1 :Anti-microbial activity of the synthesized compounds

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Minimum Inhibitory Concentration

The Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) [21] of the compound was determined by the agar streak dilution method. A stock solution of the synthesized compound (100 μg/ml), in dimethylformamide, was prepared and graded quantities of the test compounds were incorporated in a specified quantity of molten sterile agar (nutrient agar for anti-bacterial activity and Sabouraud dextrose agar medium for anti-fungal activity). A specified quantity of the medium (40 - 50°C) containing the compound was poured into a petridish to give a depth of 3 - 4 mm, and allowed to solidify. A suspension of the microorganism were prepared, to contain approximately 10 5 cfu/ml, and applied on the plates with serially diluted compounds in dimethylformamide, to be tested, and was incubated at 37°C for 24 and 48 hours for bacteria and fungi, respectively. The MIC was considered to be the lowest concentration of the test substance, exhibiting no visible growth of bacteria or fungi on the plate. The observed MIC is presented in [Table 1].


   Results and Discussion Top


Chemistry

Infrared, 1 H-NMR, 13 C-NMR, Mass spectra, and Elemental analysis were consistent with the assigned structures. The optical activities of the compounds were not checked.

3-Amino 2-methyl Quinazolin-4(3H)-one (3)

Yield: 73%; m.p.141 - 143°C; IR (KBr, cm -1 ): 3030 (Ar-CH), 2927 (CH in CH 3 ), 1716 (C=O), 1464 (C=C), 1332 (N-H). 1 H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 7.41-7.82 (m, 4H; C5 ,C 6 ,C 7 ,C 8 ,Ar-H), 1.94 (s, 2H; -NH 2 ), 0.97 (s, 3H; -CH 3 ). 13 C-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 164.2 (C2 ), 161.7 (C 4 ), 133.6 (C 7 ), 128.2 (C 5 ), 127.6 (C 6 ), 122.3 (C 8 ), 18.9 (-C H 3 ). EI-MS m/z (M+): 175 (Calcd. for C 9 H 9 N 3 O; 175.18). Anal. Calcd. for C 9 H 9 N 3 O; C, 61.70; H, 5.18; N, 23.99. Found: C, 61.65; H, 5.18; N, 23.88 [Figure 1].
Figure 1 :Synthesis of schiff bases of 3-amino-2-methyl quinazolin- 4(3H)-one

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3-(Benzylideneamino)-2-methyl quinazolin-4-(3H)-one (4a)

Pale yellow crystal; Yield: 80%; m.p. 153 - 155°C; IR (KBr, cm -1 ): 3018 (Ar-CH), 2920 (CH in CH 3 ), 1720 (C=O), 1510 (C=N), 1460 (C=C). 1 H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 8.05 (s, 1H; -N=CH -), 7.19-7.88 (m, 9H; C 5 ,C 6 ,C 7 ,C 8 ,C 2' ,C 3' ,C 4' ,C 5' ,C 6' ,Ar-H), 0.86 (s, 3H; C 2 , -CH 3 ). 13 C-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 164.2 (C2 ), 160.1 (C 4 ), 143.3 (-N=C H-), 133.3 (C 7 ), 131.4 (C 4' ), 129.4 (C 2' and C 6' ), 128.9 (C 3' and C 5' ), 128.6 (C 5 ), 127.1 (C 6 ), 19.8 (-C H 3 ). EI-MS m/z (M+): 263 (Calcd. for C 16 H 13 N 3 O; 263.29). Anal. Calcd. for C 16 H 13 N 3 O; C, 72.99; H, 4.98; N, 15.96. Found: C, 72.95; H, 4.96; N, 15.92.

3-(4-Methoxybenzylideneamino)-2-methyl quinazolin-4-(3H)-one (4b)

Cream solid; Yield: 72%; m.p. 191 - 194°C; IR (KBr, cm -1 ): 3046 (Ar-CH), 2912 (CH in CH 3 ), 1724 (C=O), 1514 (C=N), 1462 (C=C), 1124 (C-O). 1 H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 8.07 (s, 1H; -N=CH -), 6.81-7.92 (m, 8H; C 5 ,C 6 ,C 7 ,C 8 ,C 2' ,C 3' ,C 5' ,C 6' ,Ar-H), 3.70 (s, 3H; -OCH 3 ), 0.79 (s, 3H; -CH 3 ). 13 C-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 163.9 (C2 ), 160.2 (C 4 ),143.2 (-N=C H-), 133.2 (C 7 ), 163.1 (C 4' ), 130.1 (C 2' and C 6' ), 128.6 (C 5 ), 127.3 (C 6 ), 126.2 (C 1' ), 122.2 (C 8 ), 114.3 (C 3' andC 5' ), 55.6 (-OC H 3 ), 20.2 (-C H 3 ). EI-MS m/z (M+): 293 (Calcd. for C 17 H 15 N 3 O 2; 293.31). Anal. Calcd. for C 17 H 15 N 3 O 2; C, 69.61; H, 5.15; N, 14.33. Found: C, 69.58; H, 5.14; N, 14.28.

3-(2-Hydroxybenzylideneamino)-2-methyl quinazolin-4-(3H)-one (4c)

Pale yellow solid; Yield: 66%; m.p. 173 - 175°C; IR (KBr, cm -1 ): 3040 (Ar-CH), 2915 (CH in CH 3 ), 1722 (C=O), 1514 (C=N), 1457 (C=C) 1350,1205 (C-O). 1 H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 7.99 (s, 1H; -N=CH -), 6.78-7.88 (m, 8H; C 5 ,C 6 ,C 7 ,C 8 ,C 3' ,C 4' ,C 5' ,C 6' ,Ar-H), 5.41 (s, 1H; Ar-OH ), 0.82 (s, 3H; -CH 3 ). 13 C-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 163.4 (C2 ), 164.5 (C 2' ) 160.6 (C 4 ), 142.9 (-N=C H-), 133.7 (C 7 ), 132.2 (C 4' ), 130.3 (C 6' ), 128.6 (C 5 ), 127.4 (C 6 ), 122.1 (C 8 ), 121.3 (C 5' ), 118.2 (C 1' ), 116.2 (C 3' ), 20.1 (-C H 3 ). EI-MS m/z (M+): 279 (Calcd. for C 16 H 13 N 3 O 2 ; 279.29). Anal. Calcd. for C 16 H 13 N 3 O 2 ; C, 68.81; H, 4.69; N, 15.05. Found: C, 68.79; H, 4.61; N, 15.01.

3-(4-N,N-dimethylaminobenzylideneamino)-2-methyl quinazolin-4-(3H)-one (4d)

Bright yellow crystal; Yield: 68%; m.p. 187 - 190°C; IR (KBr, cm -1 ): 3032 (Ar-CH), 2920 (CH in CH 3 ), 1720 (C=O), 1518 (C=N), 1453 (C=C). 1 H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 8.02 (s, 1H; -N=CH -), 6.75-7.89 (m, 8H; C 5 ,C 6 ,C 7 ,C 8 ,C 2' ,C 3' ,C 5' ,C 6' ,Ar-H), 2.86 (s, 6H; -N-(CH 3 ) 2) , 0.82 (s, 3H; -CH 3 ). 13 C-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 163.4 (C2 ), 159.2 (C 4 ) 151.2 (C 4' ), 142.2 (-N=C H-), 133.6 (C 7 ), 130.3 (C 2' andC 6' ), 128.6 (C 5 ), 127.6 (C 6 ), 123.2 (C 1' ), 122.3 (C 8 ), 113.8 (C 3' and C 5' ), 55.6 (-OC H 3 ), 20.1 (-C H 3 ). EI-MS m/z (M+): 306 (Calcd. for C 18 H 18 N 4 O; 306.36). Anal. Calcd. for C 18 H 18 N 4 O; C, 70.57; H, 5.92; N, 18.29. Found: C, 70.48; H, 5.94; N, 18.31.

3-(3-Nitrobenzylideneamino)-2-methyl quinazolin-4-(3H)-one (4e)

Cream solid; Yield: 65%; m.p. 190 - 194°C; IR (KBr, cm -1 ): 3017 (Ar-CH), 2922 (CH in CH 3 ), 1715 (C=O), 1524 (C=N), 1522 and 1335 (N=O), 1450 (C=C). 1 H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 8.09 (s, 1H; -N=CH -), 7.41-7.92(m, 7H; C 5 ,C 6 ,C 7 ,C 8 ,C 4' ,C 5' ,C 6' ,Ar-H), 0.92 (s, 3H; -CH 3 ). 13 C-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 163.9 (C2 ), 159.8 (C 4 ), 148.6 (C 3' ), 143.1 (-N=C H-), 134.3 (C 1' ), 135.3 (C 6' ), 133.6 (C 7 ), 129.8 (C 5' ), 128.8 (C 5 ), 127.4 (C 6 ), 124.2 (C 2' ), 123.2 (C 4' ), 122.4 (C 5 ), 20.3 (-C H 3 ). EI-MS m/z (M+): 308 (Calcd. for C 16 H 12 N 4 O 3 ; 308.29). Anal. Calcd. for C 16 H 12 N 4 O 3 ; C, 62.33; H, 3.92; N, 18.17. Found: C, 62.31; H, 3.83; N, 18.14.

3-(4-Methylbenzylideneamino)-2-methyl quinazolin-4-(3H)-one (4f)


Cream crystal; Yield: 76%; m.p. 164 - 166°C; IR (KBr, cm -1 ): 3041 (Ar-CH), 2926 (CH in CH 3 ) 1718 (C=O), 1522 (C=N), 1448 (C=C). 1 H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 8.12 (s, 1H; -N=CH -), 7.09-7.81 (m, 8H; C 5 ,C 6 ,C 7 ,C 8 ,C 2' ,C 3' ,C 5' ,C 6' ,Ar-H), 2.36 (s, 3H; -CH 3 ), 0.92 (s, 3H; -CH 3 ). 13 C-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 164.2 (C2 ), 160.3 (C 4 ), 143.1 (-N=C H-), 133.8 (C 7 ), 130.8 (C 1' ), 129.4 (C 3' and C 5' ), 129.1 (C 2' and C 6' ), 128.6 (C 5 ), 127.4 (C 6 ), 122.6 (C 8 ), 24.3 (-C H 3 ), 20.3 (C H 3 ). EI-MS m/z (M+): 277 (Calcd. for C 17 H 15 N 3 O; 277.32). Anal. Calcd. for C 17 H 15 N 3 O; C, 73.63; H, 5.45; N, 15.15. Found: C, 73.53; H, 5.41; N, 15.14.

3-(4-Hydroxybenzylideneamino)-2-methyl quinazolin-4-(3H)-one (4g)


Pale yellow crystal; Yield: 77%; m.p. 210 - 214°C; IR (KBr, cm -1 ): 3024 (Ar-CH), 2924 (CH in CH 3 ), 1722 (C=O), 1514 (C=N), 1454 (C=C), 1355 and 1208 (C-O). 1 H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 7.99 (s, 1H; -N=CH -), 6.82-7.88 (m, 8H; C 5 ,C 6 ,C 7 ,C 8 ,C 2' ,C 3' ,C 5' ,C 6' ,Ar-H), 5.44 (s, 1H; Ar-OH ), 0.88 (s, 3H; -CH 3 ). 13 C-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 165.1 (C2 ), 160.4 (C 4' ), 159.2 (C 4 ), 144.2 (-N=C H-), 134.2 (C 7 ), 130.5 (C 2' and C 6' ), 129.2 (C 5 ), 127.4 (C 6 ), 122.8 (C 8 ), 115.6 (C 3' and C 5' ), 20.1 (-C H 3 ). EI-MS m/z (M+): 279 (Calcd. for C 16 H 13 N 3 O 2 ; 279.29). Anal. Calcd. for C 16 H 13 N 3 O 2 : C, 68.81; H, 4.69; N, 15.05. Found: C, 68.79; H, 4.64; N, 15.07.

3-(4-Chlorobenzylideneamino)-2-methyl quinazolin-4-(3H)-one (4h)

Pale yellow powder; Yield: 74%; m.p. 259 - 263°C; IR (KBr, cm -1 ): 3036 (Ar-CH), 2932 (CH in CH 3 ), 1726 (C=O), 1520 (C=N), 1446 (C=C), 729 (C-Cl). 1 H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 8.12 (s, 1H; -N=CH -), 6.91-7.82 (m, 8H; C 5 ,C 6 ,C 7 ,C 8 ,C 2' ,C 3' ,C 5' ,C 6' ,Ar-H), 0.92 (s, 3H; -CH 3 ). 13 C-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 163.4 (C2 ), 160.8 (C 4 ), 144.2 (-N=C H-), 136.2 (C 4' ), 133.4 (C 7 ), 132.5 (C 1' ), 130.8 (C 2' and C 6' ), 129.2 (C 3' and C 5' ), 128.6 (C 5 ), 126.9 (C 6 ), 122.4 (C 8 ), 19.8 (-C H 3 ). EI-MS m/z (M+): 297 (Calcd for C 16 H 12 ClN 3 O; 297.73). Anal. Calcd. for C 16 H 12 ClN 3 O; C, 64.54; H, 4.06; N, 14.91. Found: C, 64.50; H, 4.01; N, 14.81.

3-(4-Nitrobenzylideneamino)-2-methyl quinazolin-4-(3H)-one (4i)

Yellow crystal; Yield: 75%; m.p. 222 - 225°C; IR (KBr, cm -1 ): 3048 (Ar-CH), 2926 (CH in CH 3 ), 1715 (C=O), 1524 (C=N), 1518 and 1342 (N=O), 1452(C=C). 1 H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 8.12 (s, 1H; -N=CH -), 7.35-7.99 (m, 8H; C 5 ,C 6 ,C 7 ,C 8 ,C 2' ,C 3' ,C 5' ,C 6' ,Ar-H), 0.82 (s, 3H; -CH 3 ). 13 C-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 165.2 (C2 ), 161.2 (C 4 ), 150.2 (C 4' ), 143.2 (-N=C H-), 140.1 (C 1' ), 134.0 (C 7 ), 129.4 (C 2' and C 6' ), 128.9(C 5 ), 127.6 (C 6 ), 122.6 (C 8 ), 121.2 (C 3' and C 5' ), 0.92 (-C H 3 ). EI-MS m/z (M+): 308 (Calcd. for C 16 H 12 N 4 O 3 ; 308.29). Anal. Calcd. for C 16 H 12 N 4 O 3 ; C, 62.33; H, 3.92; N, 18.17. Found: C, 62.22; H, 3.94; N, 18.21.

3-(3, 4, 5, -Trimethoxybenzylideneamino)-2-methyl quinazolin-4-(3H)-one (4j)


Bright yellow powder; Yield: 70%; m.p. 261 - 264°C; IR (KBr, cm -1 ): 3024 (Ar-CH), 2922 (CH in CH 3 ), 1724 (C=O), 1514 (C=N), 1463 (C=C), 1132 (C-O). 1 H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 8.10 (s, 1H; -N=CH -), 7.38-7.92 (m, 4H; C 5 ,C 6 ,C 7 ,C 8 ,Ar-H), 6.61 (s, 1H; C 2' ,Ar-H), 6.64 (s, 1H; C 6' ,Ar-H), 3.82 (s, 9H; [OCH 3 ] 3 ), 0.91 (s, 3H; -CH 3 ). 13 C-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 164.5 (C2 ), 160.2 (C 4 ), 150.8 (C 3' and C 5' ), 143.3 (-N=C H-), 141.9 (C 4' ), 135.2 (C 7 ), 129.9 (C 5 ), 128.2(C 1' ), 127.6 (C 6 ), 122.6 (C 8 ), 107.1 (C 2' and C 6' ), 56.5 (-OC H 3 ), 21.2 (-C H 3 ). EI-MS m/z (M+): 353 (Calcd for C 19 H 19 N 3 O 4 ; 353.37). Anal. Calcd. for C 19 H 19 N 3 O 4 ; C, 64.58; H, 5.42; N, 11.89. Found: C, 64.49; H, 5.38; N, 11.85.

3-(4-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzylideneamino)-2-methylquinazolin-4-(3H)-one (4k)

Cream solid; Yield: 65%; m.p. 122 - 124°C; IR (KBr, cm -1 ): 3032 (Ar-CH), 2925 (CH in CH 3 ), 1722 (C=O), 1518 (C=N), 1455 (C=C), 1352 and 1208 (C-O). 1 H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 7.92 (s, 1H; -N=CH -), 7.42-7.82 (m, 4H; C 5 ,C 6 ,C 7 ,C 8 ,Ar-H), 7.10 (s, 1H; Ar-H), 6.66-6.69 (d, J=6.7 Hz; C 5' , Ar-H), 7.01-7.05 (d, J=5.8 Hz; C 6' , Ar-H), 5.12 (s, 1H; Ar-OH), 3.90 (s, 3H; -OCH 3 ), 0.92 (s, 3H; -CH 3 ). 13 C-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 165.1 (C2 ), 161.0 (C 4 ), 151.2 (C 3' ), 148.2 (C 4' ), 143.4 (-N=C H-), 133.6 (C 7 ), 128.6 (C 5 ), 127.6 (C 6 ), 127.4(C 1' ), 122.9 (C 6' ), 122.6 (C 8 ), 56.2 (-OC H 3 ), 20.2 (-C H 3 ). EI-MS m/z (M+): 309 (Calcd. for C 17 H 15 N 3 O 3 ; 309.31). Anal. Calcd. for C 17 H 15 N 3 O 3 ; C, 66.01; H, 4.89; N, 13.58. Found: C, 66.06; H, 4.78; N, 13.62.

3-(3-Phenylallylideneamino)-2-methyl quinazolin-4-(3H)-one (4l)

Lemon yellow crystal; Yield: 75%; m.p. 155 - 157°C; IR (KBr, cm -1 ): 3019 (Ar-CH), 2916 (CH in CH 3 ), 1728 (C=O), 1512 (C=N), 1458 (C=C). 1 H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 7.61 (s, 1H; -N=CH -), 7.14-7.88 (m, 9H; C 5 ,C 6 ,C 7 ,C 8 ,C 2' ,C 3' ,C 4' ,C 5', C 6' Ar-H), 6.59-6.62 (d, 1H; J=7.2 Hz; C 6 H 5 -CH =CH-), 5.61-5.63 (d, 1H; J=6.5 Hz; C 6 H 5 -CH=CH -), 0.92 (s, 3H; -CH 3 ). 13 C-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 164.2 (C2 ), 160.6 (C 4 ), 139.2 (C 6 H 5 -C H=CH-) 137.6 (-N=C H-), 135.2 (C 1' ), 134.6 (C 7 ), 128.8 (C 5 ), 128.6 (C 3' and C 5' ), 128.1 (C 4' ), 127.6 (C 6 ), 126.6 (C2' and C6'), 126.3 (C 6 H 5 -CH=C H-), 20.2 (-C H 3 ). EI-MS m/z (M+): 289(Calcd. for C 18 H 15 N 3 O; 289.33). Anal. Calcd. for C 18 H 15 N 3 O; C, 74.72; H, 5.23; N, 14.52. Found: C, 74.36; H, 5.08; N, 14.38.

Anti-microbial Screening

Most of the synthesized compounds exhibited moderate-to-potent anti-microbial activity against the tested microorganisms. Compounds 4g and 4k were found to possess significant anti-bacterial and anti-fungal activity when compared to the standard drug (Ciprofloxacin and Ketaconazole for anti-bacterial and anti-fungal, respectively). Compounds 4c, 4h, 4i, and 4l displayed moderate anti-microbial activity, whereas, the remaining compounds showed lesser activity. The MIC of the synthesized compounds was screened by the agar streak dilution method. All the synthesized compounds exhibited moderate-to-good anti-bacterial and anti-fungal activity, with an MIC range of 9.2 - 30.6 mg/ml. 3-(4-hydroxy benzylideneamino)-2-methyl quinazolin-4(3H)-one 4g was found to exhibit the highest anti-bacterial activity against  S.aureus Scientific Name Search  (MIC: 9.2 mg/ml),  B.cereus Scientific Name Search  (MIC: 9.6 mg/ml),  E.coli Scientific Name Search  (MIC: 12.1 mg/ml), and K.pneumoniae (MIC: 10.6 mg/ml). 3-(2-hydroxy benzylideneamino)-2-methyl quinazolin-4(3H)-one 4c was found to exhibit the highest anti-bacterial activity against  S.epidermidis Scientific Name Search  (MIC: 9.8 mg/ml),    M.luteus Scientific Name Search  Scientific Name Search  Scientific Name Search  (MIC: 11.2 mgml), and  P.aeruginosa Scientific Name Search  (MIC: 10.8 mg/ml). 3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxy benzylideneamino)-2-methyl quinazolin-4(3H)-one 4k exhibited the highest anti-fungal activity against A.niger (MIC: 12.2 mg/ml) and A.fumigatus (MIC: 12.9 mg/ml).The synthesized compounds were active against all the tested microorganisms, with a range of MIC values for S.aureus (9.2 - 25.2mg/ml), S.epidermidis (9.8 - 24.0 mg/ml), M.luteus (11.2 - 27.8 mg/ml), B.cereus (9.6 - 21.2 mg/ml), E.coli (12.1 - 21.9 mg/ml), P.aeruginosa (10.8 - 21.6 mg/ml), K.pneumoniae (10.6 - 23.6 mg/ml), A.niger (12.2 - 29.1 mg/ml), and A.fumigatus (12.9 - 30.6 mg/ml). The potent anti-microbial activity exhibited by 4c, 4g , and 4k may be due to the incorporation of the electron-donating groups like phenolic OH (at either the second or fourth position of the phenyl ring in the 3-substituted quinazolin-4(3H)-ones) and -OCH 3 . The interesting results we observed were that both the electron donating as well as the electron withdrawing groups were found to increase the anti-microbial properties, whereas, the unsubstituted derivatives exhibited a lesser degree of activity. The compound 4g was found to possess anti-bacterial activity almost equivalent to the standard drug, but exhibited considerable anti-fungal activity.


   Conclusion Top


In conclusion, the present study highlights the importance of aromatic imino substitution at the third position of the quinazolin-4(3H)-one ring features, responsible for the anti-microbial property, and therefore, may serve as a lead molecule to obtain clinically useful, novel entities, in the new millennium.

 
   References Top

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