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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 135-138

Comparative study of the effect of atorvastatin and fenofibrate on high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in patients with type 2 diabetes


1 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University; Department of Endocrinology, Faculty of Medicine, Azad Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran
2 Endocrine Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Farzad Najafipour
Endocrine Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/japtr.JAPTR_314_18

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Diabetes is the most common metabolic disease. Type 2 diabetes is a variable combination of insulin resistance and disorder in insulin secretion, leading to disorder of lipids and plasma lipoproteins. The most common pattern of dyslipidemia in diabetic is high triglyceride (TG) and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). This study was conducted to find a more effective drug to increase HDL-C. In this study, 80 patients (26 males and 54 females) with type 2 diabetes received fenofibrate in cross-sectional way for 2 months, and they did not take antilipid drugs for 2 month. Then, they underwent atorvastatin for 2 months and HDL-C was measured before and after taking drugs. Patients did not change their diet during this study. Effect of atorvastatin and fenofibrate on HDL-C levels in patients with type 2 diabetes was evaluated. The mean HDL-C and total cholesterol (TC) before and after taking drugs were 36.5 mg/dL and 174.56 mg/dL, respectively. After atorvastatin, the mean HDL-C and TC were 43.30 and 150.144 mg/dL, respectively, and after fenofibrate, 43.40 were mg/dL and 146.36 mg/dL, respectively. Atorvastatin caused increase in HDL-C by 18.44% and reduction in TC by 13.82% and fenofibrate increase in HDL-C by18.62% and reduction in TC by 16.05%. No difference was seen between atorvastatin and fenofibrate in terms of effect on the HDL-C excess (P = 0.449). In addition, no difference was seen between atorvastatin and fenofibrate in terms of effect on TC reduction (P = 0.992). In conclusion various factors are involved in increasing the HDL, such as race, sex, nutrition, physical activity and, of course, medications. The effect of medications is also different on races and genetics. The value of increase in HDL-C after Fenofibrate and Atorvastatin was associated with gender so that it caused more increase of HDL-C in females.


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