|Year : 2010 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 30-33
Antipsychotic activity of aqueous ethanolic extract of Tinospora Cordifolia in amphetamine challenged mice model
Bindu nee Giri Jain1, Vibhor Kumar Jain2, Abhilasha Shete3
1 Hygia Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Lucknow, India
2 Charak Institute of Pharmacy, Lucknow, India
3 Institute of Biomedical Education & Research, Mangalayatan University, Aligarh, India
|Date of Submission||21-Jan-2010|
|Date of Decision||25-Feb-2010|
|Date of Acceptance||13-Mar-2010|
|Date of Web Publication||2-Nov-2010|
Bindu nee Giri Jain
Hygia Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Lucknow
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
| Abstract|| |
Tinospora cordifolia is reported to have CNS active principle and is used for the treatment of various neurological disorders. Hence, the effect of aqueous ethanolic extract of Tinospora cordifolia was investigated for its putative antipsychotic activity using amphetamine challenged mice model. Haloperidol (1 mg/kg i.p.) was administered acutely to mice as standard drug. Control animals received vehicle (10% DMSO). The in vivo receptor binding studies were carried out to correlate the antipsychotic activity of the extract with its capacity to bind to the DAD2 receptor. The results in SLA showed that the hydro alcoholic extract of the stems of Tinospora cordifolia at a dose level of 250 mg/kg and 500 mg/kg showed no significant antipsychotic activity in amphetamine induced hyperactivity in mice when compared to standard. Extract alone treated group at a dos level of 250 mg/kg and 500 mg/kg showed a decreased in locomotor activity when compared to the control. The plant extract increased the DAD2 receptor binding in a dose dependent manner in treated mice compared to the control group.
Keywords: Tinospora cordifolia, amphetamine, locomortar activity, ethanolic extract
|How to cite this article:|
Jain BG, Jain VK, Shete A. Antipsychotic activity of aqueous ethanolic extract of Tinospora Cordifolia in amphetamine challenged mice model. J Adv Pharm Technol Res 2010;1:30-3
|How to cite this URL:|
Jain BG, Jain VK, Shete A. Antipsychotic activity of aqueous ethanolic extract of Tinospora Cordifolia in amphetamine challenged mice model. J Adv Pharm Technol Res [serial online] 2010 [cited 2020 Sep 22];1:30-3. Available from: http://www.japtr.org/text.asp?2010/1/1/30/70518
| Introduction|| |
Up to half of current drugs are derived from natural products. Less developed countries: 80% of people rely on plant-based medicine for primary health care  . The natural products often serve as chemical models or templates for the design and total synthesis of new drug entities. Because of modern isolation techniques and pharmacological testing procedures, new plant drugs usually find their way into medicine as purified substances rather than in the form of older galenical preparations. The species Tinospora cordifolia (Family: Menispermaceae) is a traditional plant used in ayurvedic medicine for its general tonic, antiperiodic, anti-spasmodic, anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic, anti-allergic and anti-diabetic properties and in the treatment of various other diseases. In the present study, an attempt has been made to explore the psychoactive potential of the aqueous ethanolic extract of Tinospora cordifolia in amphetamine challenged mice model. The in vitro receptor binding studies were also done to correlate the antipsychotic activity of the plant extract with its capacity to bind to the DA-D2 receptors.
Guduchi [Tinospora cordifolia (Wild.) Miers ex Hook. F. & Thoms] is a large, glabrous, deciduous climbing shrub belonging to the family Menispermaceae  . It is distributed throughout tropical Indian subcontinent and China, ascending to an altitude of 300m. Propagated by seeds and vegetative method. It was large extensively spreading glabrous, perennial deciduous twiner with succulent stems and papery bark; leaves simple, alternate, cordate, entire, glabrous, 7-9 nerved, flowers yellow in lax racemes, flowers usually solitary; fruits drupe, red when ripe. The surface of the stems appears to be closely studded with warty tubercles and the surface skin is longitudinally fissured. On removal of the surface skin, the dark greenish mucilaginous stem is seen. A variety of constituents has been isolated from Tinospora cordifolia plant and their structures were elucidated. They belong to different classes such as alkaloids, diterpenoid lactones, glycosides, steroids, sesquiterpenoids, phenolics, aliphatic compounds and polysaccharides  .
| Materials and Methods|| |
Collection of the plant material
The plant material (stem), Tinospora cordifolia, was collected from National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow in the month of November, 2008 and the identity of the plant was confirmed by Dr. A.K.S Rawat, Scientist, Pharmacognosy, NBRI, Lucknow.
Dried and powdered stems were extracted by cold percolation method using 50% aqueous ethanol as solvent.
1. Assessment of spontaneous locomotor activity  .
2. Receptor Binding Assay  .
Administration of drug
Female albino mice of Wistar strain (28±2, body weight) were divided into seven groups of six animals each. Animal experimentation procedures were approved by Institutional Animal Ethics Committee and care of laboratory animals was taken as per CPCSEA guidelines
Group I (Sham), Group II (Plant extract, 250 mg/kg), Group III (Plant extract, 500 mg/kg), Group IV (Amphetamine, 5.5 mg/kg), Group V (Plant extract and Amphetamine), Group VI (Plant extract and Amphetamine), Group VII (Haloperidol and Amphetamine).
| Results and Discussion|| |
1. Spontaneous Locomotor Activity
The hydroalcoholic extract of the stems of Tinospora cordifolia (Menispermaceae) at a dose level of 250 & 500 mg/kg showed no significant antipsychotic activity in amphetamine induced hyperactivity in mice when compared to the standard. Extract alone treated group at a dose level of 250 & 500 mg/kg showed decrease in locomotor activity when compared to sham. This suggests that Tinospora cordifolia has no significant antipsychotic activity at a dose level of 250mg/kg and 500 mg/kg.
2. In vivo Receptor Binding Studies
In order to correlate the antipsychotic activity of the drug with its capacity to bind to the receptors under study the in vivo receptor
binding studies were carried out. The results were expressed in p moles bound/g protein. Results of DA-D 2 receptor binding studies indicate that Tinospora increases the DA-D 2 receptor binding in a dose dependent manner in treated mice as compared to sham group. Thus, it may be concluded that possibly it acts through the dopaminergic DA-D 2 receptors.
| Conclusion|| |
The CNS acting drugs are invaluable therapeutically; because they can produce specific physiological and psychological effects. All critical analysis on commercial and other information available on traditionally known CNS active herbal remedies indicate that the most popular amongst such remedies are those which are clinically and preclinically the most well studied ones, and which are also recommended for therapeutic purposes by the health authorities of many Western and other countries outside the USA. The action of the nervous system and its subtle disruptive functioning caused by xenobiotics could be evaluated through the performance of animals in several behavioral tests  . On the basis of the results it may be concluded that the aqueous ethanolic extract of Tinospora cordifolia process no psychoactive potential at the given dose levels.[Figure 1],[Figure 2].
|Figure 1 :Effect of extract on Spontaneous Locomotor Activity in control and treated animals.|
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[Figure 1], [Figure 2]
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